The therapist will observe the child and perform several standardized tests, taking careful note of the child’s developmental milestones and formulate a diagnosis. In some cases the child may be referred to other professionals such as audiologists, social workers, neurologist or psychologists in order to aid our treatments.
Depends on severity, type of diagnosis and age. In young children parental counselling and language stimulation activities can make a big difference to the child’s advancement. The therapist may also utilize organised games that help the child understand how to converse (taking turns talking), build sentences and pronounce words properly.
HOW DO I KNOW IF MY CHILD NEEDS SPEECH-LANGUAGE THERAPY?
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) estimates over 1,450 000 children in the US suffer from language disorders. We offer comprehensive assessment and treatment for children of all ages.
ASHA recommends seeking advice if your child is not speaking by the age of 1, or if the child’s speech is unclear. They also recommend early evaluation of children who were born prematurely, or who suffer from chronic ear infections. According to ASHA and the U.S. Dept. of Education, a child should reach the following milestones in their age range:
1 year –1 ½ years:
- They say their first words and know their own name
- Can give you a toy if you ask for it
- Babble sentences and find interest in children’s books
1 ½ year – 2 years:
- Toddlers should be able to make short sentences by putting two or more words together (such as “want Mommy” or “find ball”).
- They learn rapidly and often copy adult words and mannerisms
- They start to ask simple questions
2 years – 3 years:
- Children at this age ask a lot of ‘why’ questions and answer simple questions with “yes” or “no”
- They are able to listen to stories and pretend play
- Using picture books a child at this age will point to images they recognise and name objects
Children with this condition are unable to produce accurate speech sounds (known as phonemes) for their age. This is caused by failure to use speech musculature accurately due improper placement, pressure or pace when speaking.
Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD)
CAPD is a complex condition characterised by the brain’s inability to accurately interpret sounds, including speech. It is thought to affect nearly 5% of children and may be exhibited as difficulty in social, behavioural and academic functions, including writing.
Expressive Language Disorder
A child with this condition finds it difficult to express their thoughts with their own words, despite being able to understand spoken communication. Symptoms include short or improper sentences, poor grammar, a reduced vocabulary and difficulty retelling a story.
It differs from Receptive Language Delay, in which the child finds it difficult to comprehend language and sustain attention to directions or a story.
Oral Motor Disorder
Some children may lack oral muscle tone and therefore find it difficult to do mouth movements such as blowing, chewing or sucking. They may also have a tendency to drool, breathe with an open mouth and or slur their words.
Fluency as known as Stuttering
Fluency disorders also commonly known as stuttering is characterised by disturbed speech flow and halting on sentences, often with multiple repetitions of one or more words or sounds (“my my my my shoes are over there”). In some cases it can be accompanied by secondary characteristics such blinking or stomping.
Call us on (212) 248-0036 to find out what location and times that will suit your child’s timetable.